When results from your test show that your blood glucose levels (also known as blood sugar levels) are higher than normal, you are said to be diabetic. Man gets glucose from the food he eats and this glucose is being picked up by cells in the body with the aid of a hormone known as insulin to be used up as fuel. Based on this, there are three types of diabetes named in many diabetes blog those are;
- Type 1 diabetes which is the case where your body does not produce insulin (insulin resistance is a state in the human body whereby the is improper usage of the insulin in the body to enable cells to pick up glucose),
- Type 2 diabetes which is the case where your body does not use insulin to its full capacity (insulin resistance, also the most common of the two types of diabetes), and gestational diabetes. In the absence of insulin, glucose accumulates in the blood of an individual (normally in the presence of insulin this glucose is picked up by cells in the body and used as energy or stored up as body fat).
It is possible to also have prediabetes which is the situation where the blood sugar level of an individual is higher than normal but not too high to be called diabetes. With prediabetes, an individual is more likely to end up with type 2 diabetes.
Individuals found with type 1 diabetes make up about 10% of the total diabetic patients and they also need to take insulin injections for the rest of their life. They also have to monitor their blood glucose level by taking regular blood tests and put themselves on diets that help their situation.
Gestational diabetes affects pregnant women. Some females have increased levels of blood glucose and their body is insulin resistant which leads to an increase in blood glucose levels. The diagnosis of this type of diabetes is done when the woman is pregnant. Most of the diabetic patients that fall into this category will need to be on special diets and do lots of exercises. About 20% of them will require a blood-glucose-controlling treatment. If this diabetes is not known and taking care of, it will raise the risk of childbirth complications.
Symptoms of diabetes
Some symptoms of diabetes include:
- Blurred vision
- The breath of the individual smell like acetone
- Abdominal pain
- Weight loss
Increase in your blood sugar levels can also lead to high blood pressure so it is advisable to see a medical expert as soon as possible after noticing any of the above symptoms for proper diagnosis. Also, do not conclude if you experience a single symptom but consult a medical professional.