CBD (Cannabidiol) is one of at least 113 active cannabinoids identified in cannabis, and one of several that has significant medical applications. After THC (Tetrahydrocannabinol), CBD is by far the most studied natural cannabinoid. While CBD can be derived from both marijuana flowers and industrial hemp plants, the term “hemp oil” is typically used to describe a product made with hemp-derived CBD. When people talk about “marijuana-derived” CBD, they’re usually referring to cannabis strains grown for personal psychoactive use rather than healthy dietary supplements – even though any type of CBD products might increase the positive affects you experience from THC.
(This is one of the reasons why we strongly advise consumers to learn how to distinguish CBD from regular marijuana.)
What is CBD used for? CBD’s benefits come from its ability to act on the endocannabinoid system, a vital system in our bodies that contributes to many functions – both mental and physical. The endocannabinoid system (ECS) maintains homeostasis and health by balancing neurotransmitters that affect mood, appetite, pain sensation, and memory. There are two types of cannabinoid receptors: CB1 receptors which are located primarily in the brain but also in the liver and kidneys; and CB2 receptors which appear to be more abundant in immune tissue as well as peripheral nerve endings, gastrointestinal tissues, spleen cells, heart muscle cells as well as bone cells. There is mounting evidence that CBD influences these receptors and allows the ECS to function more effectively.
Many studies show that CBD itself shows little to no direct psychoactive effect at all, although it seems to increase the activity of THC on the CB1 receptor, likely by obstructing CB1’s ability to uptake anandamide (the “bliss” chemical), which in turn increases the benefits of the THC. Studies also show that CBD actually has a low affinity for both cannabinoid receptors, having much greater efficacy for increasing CB2 related cytokines than CB1 related endocannabinoids or synthetic agonists! This may explain why there are so many positive reports of CBD effectiveness when it comes to pain relief cancer reduction, while few if any stories of psych activity have been reported.
CBD (cannabidiol) is a non-psychoactive, organic compound that has recently gained some popularity as a dietary supplement and medicinal additive in many parts of the world. It is one among several cannabinoids that are naturally present in hemp oil. The U.S. Food and Drug Administration has not recognized or approved the use of CBD oil as a medicine for any condition so far. In addition, there have been reports that an extract from the marijuana plant known as cannabidiol oil was being used for curing seizures, but again no research on this subject so far.