Oncology is the specialist discipline of medicine concerned with a cancer diagnosis, treatment, and research. Oncologists are physicians who treat cancer patients i.e., cancer specialist singapore. Cancer therapy entails a variety of medical procedures, necessitating the use of a specialised team. To address the rising worries of people with cancer, there are a few suggested cancer hospitals around the country that are recognised for their dependable and reasonable treatments.
A cancer specialist, Singapore role revolves entirely around cancer therapy. Starting with the diagnoses, an oncologist is responsible for the following:
- Explaining the cancer diagnosis to the patient, including the stage.
- learning about the possible treatment choices
- Providing high-quality, empathetic treatment that puts the patient at rest.
- Assisting the patient in dealing with cancer signs and side effects as well as possible.
- Continuing follow-ups even after therapy has ended.
Oncologists of several types
Depending on the kind, stage, and location of the illness, several doctors provide specialised cancer treatment services. Oncology is classified into three types: clinical, surgical, and radioactive oncology.
- Oncologist in Medicine
A clinical oncologist is a clinician who uses chemotherapy and other drugs to treat cancer, such as targeted treatment or immunotherapy. He is a cancer patient’s primary health care professional who directs the progress of the patient’s therapy. For the greatest outcomes, he collaborates with other medical departments. A clinical oncologist is a person in charge of the patients’ post-treatment follow-ups and checks.
- Oncologist Surgeon
A surgical oncologist is a physician who excels in the surgical resection of malignant tumours. They are essentially general surgeons who specialise in cancer and associated surgical procedures. They are also trained to do specific kinds of biopsies to aid in the diagnosis of malignancy.
- The oncologist who uses radiation
Radiation oncologists are cancer specialists who use radiation treatment to treat patients. Radiation treatment kills malignant cells by using high-energy X-rays. When it is not feasible to eradicate cancer cells, physicians employ radiation to limit or halt tumour development without damaging neighbouring tissues. This is known as palliative care. The primary aim of therapy is to enhance adherence to treatment by limiting tumour development and symptoms.
Radiation oncologists may use brachytherapy to treat cancer patients at times. Radioactive sources are inserted directly into or around the tumour in this treatment. The radiotherapy radiation source may be kept in place indefinitely or removed after each treatment session, depending on the kind of cancer.